The National Heritage Research Institute
The National Heritage Research Institute is a structural division of the Republican State Enterprise National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan of the Culture and Sports Ministry of Kazakhstan.
The purpose of the Institute lies in studying, preservation and promotion of historical and cultural heritage of Kazakhstan.
The main functions of the Institute are the development and implementation of scientific and application programs, and projects for basic and applied research of tangible and intangible heritage of the Kazakh people; solving the problems of ethno-genesis and ethnic history of the Kazakh people; organization and carrying out complex archaeological, ethnographic research in Kazakhstan and abroad; studying the traditional culture of the Kazakh people in their historical and contemporary forms of ‘live’ manifestation; monitoring and examination of historical and cultural heritage of Kazakhstan, etc.
The Institute was established in August 2014 and it includes the following units:
- Department of archaeological heritage;
- Department of traditional culture;
- Department of monitoring and examination of historical and cultural heritage;
- Laboratory of physical anthropology;
- Laboratory of primary restoration and conservation of archaeological artifacts.
The staff of the National Heritage Research Institute
Department of Archaeological Heritage is primarily engaged in conducting archaeological research on the territory of Kazakhstan and neighboring countries.
The Institute employees are the leaders and participants in research grant projects funded by Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Education and Science; they are involved in international research projects in cooperation with the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Korea, the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Mongolia.
In 2015 only the Institute has organized 12 archaeological expeditions on the territory of Kazakhstan, which were devoted to research of the monuments from the Stone Age until the early states. Also, one expedition held a research of the Shiveet Ulaan ancient memorial complex in Mongolia.
Map of archaeological expeditions in 2015. The National Heritage Research Institute
Kurchum dwelling site and workshop. Paleolithic. East Kazakhstan
Belasar burial. Bronze Age. Saryarka. Before and after restoration
Karkar burial and memorial complex, VI-V cc. BC. Zhetysu
The ancient Turkic fence Ulken Kakpak. Zhetysu
Department of Traditional Culture conducts research in the field of study, preservation and promotion of tangible and intangible heritage of the Kazakh people.
Employees of the department are studying the musical heritage, folklore and epic heritage, arts and crafts of the Kazakh people, onomastics in different regions of Kazakhstan, etc.
As part of the popularization of the Kazakh traditional musical art there are activities in the form of round tables, master classes, lectures, concerts, discussions, which take up the work of folk composers, make acquaintance with traditional art, and there is a revival of forgotten songs and kyuis.
As part of the 550th anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate the Department staff has compiled and published a collection of scientific articles titled Kenesary is a Khan and a Commander: Problem and Research.
In order to promote the spiritual heritage of the Kazakh people, preservation of national values the staff of the Department has developed the website http://adyrna.kz/.
Speech of the Institute’s senior researcher L. Tlegenova at the international conference. Turkestan, May 2015
Kenesary is a Khan and a Commander. Problems and Research collection of research papers.
Department of Monitoring and Examination of Historical and Cultural Heritage works in several directions. One of the priorities of the Department is to analyze and monitor the current state of the legal framework in Kazakhstan for protection and preservation of historical and cultural heritage. In this regard, the work is carried out on collection and processing of relevant legal documents of Kazakhstan and comparative benchmarking with similar legislation of the near and far abroad.
Another important direction of the Department is to carry out comprehensive measures for GIS mapping and database of historical and cultural heritage of Saryarka. This project is relevant in light of the dynamic development of information technologies in the XXI century and integration capabilities of IT technologies in the field of monitoring the status of historical and cultural heritage of Kazakhstan.
The Department has planned regular round tables, seminars and sessions on specific aspects of protection and preservation of historical and cultural heritage of the Great Steppe, the results of which will be publication of collections of scientific papers, guidelines, brochures, etc.
Challenging Issues of Protecting and Retaining the Historical and Cultural Heritage of Kazakhstan round table. March, 2015
Map of archaeological sites. Enbekshilder district of Akmola region
Laboratory of Physical Anthropology is headed by the famous anthropologist, academician O. Ismagulov.
The results of the comprehensive program of studying the modern Kazakh population indicate that the Kazakh nation has its own anthropological status on such indicators as somatology, odontology, dermatoglyphics, serology and craniology. Therefore, the formation of the physical features of the Kazakh people has its roots in the ancient times, the length of which is more than four millennia.
Under the leadership of academician there are activities to create a new exhibition hall of the National Museum of Kazakhstan, which will present the data on the physical anthropology of the Kazakh people and their ancestors. The exposition aims to show the way of formation and development of the Kazakh people in the ancient Kazakh land for more than 40 centuries.
Head of the Physical Anthropology Laboratory, Kazakhstan’s National Academy of Sciences academician, Doctor of History O. Ismagulov
Laboratory of primary conservation and restoration of archaeological artifacts is functioning in several directions, focused on the study and preservation of cultural heritage. The materials restored in the lab from the ancient monuments subsequently replenish the funds of the National Museum of Kazakhstan, and the most representative findings are exhibited in the museum.
One of the most important areas of the laboratory is research and analysis of ceramics, namely studying engineering and technology of ancient pottery. This direction is widely used for reconstruction of the material culture of ancient communities. The essence of the technical and technological analysis conducted by specialists of the laboratory is analyzing the technology of producing ceramic items, namely the analysis and definition of the process of preparing the molding composition, drying and firing of ceramics. Technical and technological analysis conducted by experts of laboratory allow us to consider the totality of the data about the technique and technology of pottery production, as a unique instrument of studying the development processes of ancient societies.
Laboratory specialists also carry out conservation and restoration of archaeological metal.
Cleaning the surface of metal products by a junior research scientist A. Kairmagambetov.
Research scientist Zh. Kalieva at analyzing the production technique of a ceramic jar.
Head of the Institute, Ph.D.
Phone: +7 (7172) 919035 (ext. 616)