Kazakhstan is a country with rich historical and cultural past which is located in the heart of Eurasia. Long-term surveys conducted by Kazakh scientists across the country helped to gather rich and unique material perfectly illustrating the ancient and medieval history of Kazakhstan, which can be seen in the exhibition hall on the second floor of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan. There are more than 500 exhibits out of 5000 on view, which remain deposited in the holdings and are gradually replenished by the researchers.
The museum’s archaeological collection gathered by scientists, introduces visitors to the history, economy, religion, crafts, architecture of tribes inhabiting the territory of Kazakhstan from ancient times to the Middle Ages.
The exhibition consists of four sections: the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Early Iron Age and the Middle Ages. The artefacts have been arranged in thematic and chronological order.
The display begins with demonstration of historical development of humanity when the basic tools and weapons were made of stone.
Modern vision of life of our ancestors is based on studying dwelling sites, caves, grottoes, workshops and quarries where stone tools - the remnants of human labour - have survived.
Media screen shows the film on rock art in Kazakhstan. Media tables tell the visitor additional information on the appropriate category.
A horse was first domesticated on the territory of Kazakhstan. In Botaisk settlement in the north of Kazakhstan a large number of artefacts have been discovered which are associated with domestication of a horse. That fact played a vital role for people living in Kazakhstan for interrelationship and further development of cultures of the entire Eurasian continent.
In the Bronze Age Kazakhstan was one of the major centres for extraction of nonferrous metallurgy functioning in 2nd - beg. of 1st millennium BC.
Original economic-cultural type of nomadism started to take shape In the early Iron Age, and it replaced the agricultural and pastoral settled life of the Bronze Age.
In the Middle Ages the territory of Kazakhstan enters the Western Turkic Khanate. Medieval nomads being the Turks left stone sculptures for their descendants, which are silently looking at us keeping the mysteries of the past.
From the 6th century A.D. the territory of Kazakhstan was crossed by the Great Silk Road. The exhibition hall displays objects from other countries that have been found in the medieval towns of Kazakhstan.
In the middle of the 14th century a powerful state was established in Central Asia by Emir Timur, and it included the South of Kazakhstan. Construction of towns and mausoleums began in the unprecedented scale for that time.
The exposition ends with the restored medieval streets and iconic architecture of Kazakhstan, where the wall shows a magnificent architectural complex of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi. The mausoleum was built on Timur’s order. It followed the goal of spreading Islam, strengthening his position among the nomads and glorifying his power. Entering this part of the exhibition a visitor can get to the so-called medieval market and plunge into the atmosphere of the time.
Touch-sensitive stands introduce Kazakhstan’s ancient and medieval architecture and the towns along the Silk Road.