Hall of Gold
Hall of Gold is a treasury and collection of gold and unique highly-valued artifacts found in the territory of Kazakhstan.
The exhibits of the Hall are annually refilled with unique items made of gold and precious metals discovered within the state program called "Cultural Heritage".
Gold jewelry of Scythian-Saki culture is renowned throughout the world. Imagination is staggered by rich burials of Saki chiefs in royal burial mounds. Everywhere researchers recognize originality of the Scythian-Saki culture, withits hallmark called "animal style". The purpose of the Hall of Gold exhibition is fostering and showingKazakhstan’s gold masterpieces to the world community, which were made in the Scythian-Saki animal style.
On display there are gold products covering the time period from the Bronze Age to the Golden Horde. The main part consists of gold ware from the Saki archaeological finds.
Hall of Gold is divisible into two sections. Most striking manifestation of the culture of early nomads in Saki time, aesthetic approach to the world around them, is the "Scythian triad" - standard models of weapons, horse harnesses and art objects. Each of these cultural components is impressively represented in the objects found in the famous Saki cemeteries.
A special place in the exposition is given to reconstruction model of genuine human grave in burial structures. Good examples are the models of the king's barrow Baigetobe and the famous Issyk burial.
Following the principle of historicism and respecting the chronological order the Hall of Gold exposes such rarities as a gold earring from the Mayemer burial
(East Kazakhstan), more than 200 apparel items of the "Golden Man" from the grave called Taldi-2 , 7th – 6th centuries BC (Karaganda oblast), and among them there are more than 1,800 gold ornaments in the form of flakes of fish and more than 20,000 small gold ornaments.
Golden ornaments of Kargali and Zhalauly treasures are displayed as splendid patterns of metal and ancient Usun and Kangly people. The main exhibit at the exhibition the "Golden Man", which was found during excavations of Issyk barrow by a group of archaeologists with the leader Kemal Akishev, is a striking sample of Saki art’s "animal style". That find dates back to 5th – 4th centuries BC. and includes more than four thousand gold products made in various techniques like forging, stamping, engraving andgranulating.
By metal treatment the scientists equate gold jewelry of ancient nomads to the world's masterpieces. Today the Issyk "Golden Man" is known throughout the world having become a sensation and a symbol of independent Kazakhstan.
The latest "Golden Man" – a Sarmatian woman – was found in West Kazakhstan in Taksai-1 mound complex and it is one of the most surprising findings of archaeologists, which manifests the wealth and power of the ancient Scythians.
In the cemetery there were also found apparel items, fragments of a pointed headdress, a crest depicting a chariot with a couple of characters.
Special place in the exhibition belongs to the burial of Baigetobe in the complex of Shilikty, which is the construction with a complex architectural structure. The large size of the king's barrow shows the high social status of the deceased. According to scientists, the buried person is a "king - ruler." Despite the fact that the cemetery had previously been sacked, one discovered valuable materials, throwing light on science, which amount to more than 4,000 gold ornaments – garment items. Larger golden jewelry comprise 360 units.
Exhibited Savromat and Sarmatian gold jewelry from Segizsay area (Lebedevka), the Middle Ages gold jewelry from Kokmardan and Shauelder, the findings of the Turkic-era burial Karakystak, products from Shengeldy and archeological golden finds from Turkic ritual complex Sarykol will certainly raise the interest of the visitors.
Each item found allows to deepen the history of Kazakhstan, detailing certain historical processes and thereby causing interest and respect to our common history.