On 11 April 2019 in honor of the opening of the Year of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Republic of Uzbekistan, the State Museum of Art of Uzbekistan hosted the grand opening of the exhibition “The Great Steppe: History and Culture”, organized by the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The opening ceremony of the exhibition was attended by the Director of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaz Nurazkhan, the Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Republic of Uzbekistan Darkhan Satybaldy, Vice Minister of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan Kamol Akilova, Director of the State Museum of Art of Uzbekistan Fayzieva Vassila Salikhovna.
Before the exhibition, a press session was organized for the media representatives with the participation of official representatives of two states: Senior Researcher of the State Museum of Art of Uzbekistan, the candidate of Historical Sciences Tamara Nuritdinova, Professor of the Faculty of History of the National University of Uzbekistan named after M. Ulukbek, Doctor of Historical Sciences Rustam Sulaimanov, Professor of the Department of Archeology and Ethnology of the Eurasian National University named after L.N. Gumilyov, Doctor of Historical Sciences Zhambyl Artykbayev, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Archeology named after A. Margulan, Candidate of Historical Sciences Arman Beysenov.
At the press meeting, issues of the museums of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were discussed, and areas of cooperation in the future were outlined. In order to strengthen the interaction of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, a constructive dialogue took place on the significance of cultural interaction between our states.
The aim of the exhibition “The Great Steppe: History and Culture” is to familiarize the residents of a friendly state with the history and cultural heritage of the Kazakh people.
A significant exhibit of this exhibition is “Altyn Adam” - a symbol of the Republic of Kazakhstan, found as a result of archaeological excavations of the Issyk mound, near the city of Almaty in 1960–1970, by the famous archaeologist Kemal Akishev. A sensational archaeological find was the Saka ruler "The Golden Man", called the "Kazakh Tutankhamun". This discovery was a sensation of the century. The bust of the Golden Man is installed on the Independence Square of Almaty, and the costume decoration element in the form of a golden wing is reflected on the coat of arms of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Republic of Uzbekistan is Darkhan Satybaldy. The exhibition has a special place in the presentation of the culture of each nation. This event is organized in honor of the opening of the Year of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The project “The Procession of the Golden Man in the Museums of the World” was successfully held in countries such as Belarus, Azerbaijan, Russia, China, Poland, South Korea, the Republic of Tatarstan, and presented the residents of these countries the opportunity to learn about the history, culture and national values of Kazakhstan and the main exhibit of the exhibition is Altyn Adam.
This year it is planned to open this exhibition in the museums of Malaysia, Italy, Turkey and Georgia and in 2020 in the main museums of the USA, Austria, France, Switzerland and Germany.
The State Museum of Art of Uzbekistan presents the reconstruction of the Golden Man, a headdress depicting a snow leopard, argali, a horse and a bird. And also at the exhibition you can see a collection of archaeological finds of the Saka warrior (according to archaeologists, the age of the warrior was 17-18 years old).
Director of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaz Nurazkhan: “First of all I want to express my gratitude to the staff of the State Museum of Art of Uzbekistan for the warm welcome and invitation. The project “The Procession of the Golden Man through the Museums of the World” was organized in the framework of the program “Rukhani zhangyru” by Elbasy N. Nazarbayev, with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and today it is already the 7th state where we present this project. The exhibition also presents the unique values of the Great Steppe. Our peoples have similar history, traditions, cultural values and religious beliefs, in connection with which, I think, the Uzbek citizens will really like our exhibition,” said A. Nurazkhan.
Saki (translated from Persian means “major warriors”) are the ancestors of the Kazakhs. In Greek works, Sakas were called Asian Scythians (from the word "saka – deer”.
In Issyk Kurgan more than 4 thousand items were found, including decorations, details of clothes and household items. Thanks to the research of scientists, it became possible to recreate the image of the Saka warrior.
Zoomorphic images of ancient art are characterized by the mythological thinking of ancient times. The drama of good and evil, the beginning of new eras, opposition, all this is described as a symbol of perpetual motion. A vivid example of this is the replica of the double leopard, inherent in the technique of execution of products V-IV centuries. BC.
In connection with the emergence of the Christian and Muslim religion, the "beast style" gradually began to lose its original meaning. However, the images of animals continued to remain in art, as reflected in books, stone, and wood and bone products.
These customs are also reflected in the jewelry found by scientists in the Sairam Gorge. Also at the exhibition are presented unique archaeological finds of the Saki Taksay barrow (West Kazakhstan region), Taldy-2 (Karaganda region) and Berel (East Kazakhstan region).
Among the items found in the Issyk kurgan, the silver bowl is important, with hieroglyphs applied.
In total, the exhibition features 127 items from the collections of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The ancient and medieval values presented at the exhibition are only a small part of the unique works of unknown artists, reflecting the specific features of the Eurasian culture.
Press Office of the National Museum